In case you are not certain, the term civil engineering is not a reference to the manners of engineers, it relates to the design and construction of large and small scale projects, most often commissioned by the government of a country in one way or another. As technology has progressed and the needs of countries and their people has grown, many civil engineering projects have become increasingly intrepid and audacious as they seek more radical solutions to problems. This has lead to some true modern marvels; incredible feats of civil engineering that often have to be witnessed in person to truly appreciate the scope of. All of these projects would need to begin with strong foundations, undertaken by the company the project manager has chosen to hire civil excavation services from before growing through the many different branching engineering and manufacturing companies to produce something breathtaking. These are three examples of such wonderment.
The Channel Tunnel
Boasting the single longest section of underwater tunnel in the world, the English Channel Tunnel (sometimes referred to as the “Chunnel” colloquially) links the UK and France via a truly incredible piece of civil engineering. Taking six years and approximately £12 billion in today’s money to complete, the Channel Tunnel was the single most expensive construction project ever undertaken at the time of its completion in 1994. The tunnel allows for trains to pass between the two countries in record time, and is capable of carrying 120 cars per trip, with 350 trains running back and forward each day.
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
From under the water to over it; the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is the longest overwater bridge in the world, measuring a staggering 41.58Km in length. Located across Jiaozhou Bay in China, the bridge took four years to build, but only cost the equivalent of £900 million, an absolute bargain compared to the Channel Tunnel. Even more impressive is the fact that it is not a simple straight bridge between two points, but has a large intersection somewhere near the middle that branches the bridge between its three different end points.
Sticking with the hydrological theme, the Three Gorges Dam in the Hubie Province of China is not only the world’s largest dam, it is the world’s largest hydroelectric dam and the world’s largest power station; although it is under serious competition from the Itaipú Dam in terms of production. Originally conceived in 1919, the dam was finally fully operational in 2012, due to a wide variety of long and complicated reasons. Measuring at 2,335m in length, this is a colossal achievement that civil excavation companies akin to Webers Excavations wish they could have had a hand in. However, the dam had its controversies; although it produces nearly 100 terawatt hours of power every year, its construction flooded archeological sites and displaced over a million people. As far as the civil matters are concerned, this project is definitely controversial, but from an engineering standpoint it, along with the Channel Tunnel and the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge, are true marvels of engineering brilliance.